- 75 -

 

INERMEDIATE BRIDGE - BIDDING TIPS FOR TOPS

 

LESSON 30

 

WHEN THE OPPONETS DROP THE BIDDING AT THE 2-LEVEL - TIPS 238-244

 

 

 

238.  When the opponents give up the ship at the 2-level, you and your partner usually

         have as many HCPs as do they,  at worst it will be 22-18.   THOU SHALT NOT LET

         THE OPPONETS PALY AT THE 2-LEVEL WHEN THEY HAVE A FIT AND YOU

         HAVE SHORTNESS IN THEIR SUIT.

 

 

 

239.  Fact:  If the opponents have an 8-card fit, your side also has an 8-card fit (or longer)

         about 85% on the time.   If the opponents have a 9-card fit (or longer), your side will   

         have at least an 8-card fit 100% of the time.  Bridge is a game of fits and misfits.  You      

         can take this statement as you see fit.

 

 

 

240.  If the opponents have a known 8-card fit and you have a singleton in their suit,    

         double with as little as 8 HCPs; with a doubleton in their suit, reopen with 10+   

         HCPs.

              Example      West  North(You)  East  South

                            1H    Pass        2H    Pass

                           Pass   ????

 

       You hold:  a)  KQXX  X  QJXX  XXXX  (Double. Go for it !!!)

 

 

 

 

241.  A reopening bid in a suit should be considered an attempt to push the opponents to a

         higher level.   With a good hand, you would have bid earlier.

 

              Example      West  North(You)  East  South

                            1H    Pass        2H    Pass

                           Pass   ????

 

       You hold:  AXXXX  XX  KXX  XXX   (Bid 2S.  They have an 8-card fit and  

                                         you have a 5-card Major.  Dont sell

                                         out.  A good partner will realize

                                         that you were not strong enough to

                                         have bid in the first place with a 1S 

                                         overcall.  Hopefully your partner

                                         will not punish you for pushing the

                                         opponents and will not compete further.)

 

 

- 76 -

 

242.   The real risk in reopening the bidding with a light hand is your partner.  He/she invariably has 10-13 HCPs and thinks he/she must tell you about it.  He/she forgets that your bid has already taken into account the likelihood that you have these very same points and that you are already counting on you for these.   You are effectively bidding your partners presumed points.  These partners must be trained not to bid further.

 

 

 

243.   A Reopening bid of 2NT after the opponents have found a Major suit fit is a Minor

         suit takeout (Unusual).

 

              Example      West  North(You)  East  South

                            1H    Pass        2H    Pass

                           Pass   ????

 

       You hold:  X  XXX  KJXX  AJXXX  (Bid 2NT.  Do not sell out !!)

 

 

244.  The strategy behind balancing is to push the opponents to the 3-level.  If you succeed,

         mission accomplished !!!  Partner should not compete to the 3-level without at least 4-   

         pieces of your suit, a side singleton (or two side doubletons) and 12-15 support points.           

         Reread this one !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

              Example      West  North(You)  East  South(Partner)

                            1H     Pass       2H      Pass

                           Pass     2S        3H      ????

 

 

    Partner holds:  a) AXX  XX  KJXX  QJXX  (Partner must be trained to pass.)

     b) AXXX  XXX  KXX  AXX  (                         )

c) AXXX  X  KQXXX  XXX  (Partner should compete to the

                                             3 Spade level.  He/she has four   

                                             pieces which when coupled with

                                             your five pieces totals nine, and

                                             he/she has 12 support points.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- 77 -

 

INERMEDIATE BRIDGE - BIDDING TIPS FOR TOPS

 

LESSON 31

 

REDOUBLES - TIPS 245-248

 

245.   When a 1-level takeout double made by your left-hand opponent over your    

          opening suit bid has been converted to penalties by a pass from doublers  

          partner, a redouble by you is a cry for help.

                                             South(You)  West  North  East

                                              1D         Dbl.  Pass   Pass

                                              ????

 

             You hold:  AQX  AKX  XXXX  XXX  (Easts pass has proclaimed 

                                              strong Diamonds.  Unless you are

                                              a masochist of the first order,

                                              redouble for rescue.)

 

246.  This same principal also applies to overcalls that have been doubled for takeout and 

         then left in for penalties.

                                                      West  North  East  South(You)

                            1H     1S    Pass  Pass

                            Dbl.  Pass   Pass  ????

 

             You hold:  --  XXX  QXXXX  JXXXX  (A 1S doubled contract does not

                                                look viable.  Redouble to ask

                                                partner to bid either of the

                                                two unbid suits.  Partner will

                                                bless you forever.)

 

247. A pass at the 1-level after your RHO redoubles, is non-committal.

 

        West    North    East    South(You)

         1H      Dbl.    ReDbl.   Pass   (In this, the most common redouble 

                                          sequences, a pass by doublers

                                          partner is non-committal.  It tells     

                                          partner to bail himself/herself out. 

                                          It says nothing about Hearts and

                                          does not imply an interest in

                                          penalties.)

 

248.  After you open the bidding and your LHO doubles and partner redoubles showing

         10+ HCPs, any subsequent double by either you or your partner is a penalty double -         

         even at the 1-level.      

                        South(You)   West   North   East

                         1D          Dbl.   ReDbl.  Pass

                        Pass          1H     Pass   Pass

                        ????

 

        You hold:  AXX  QJXX  AKXXX  X  (Double.  After a redouble by partner,

                                         tend to double any run-out with four

                                         cards in their suit.  Obviously,

                                         relative vulnerabilities is an

                                         important consideration.)      

- 78 -

 

INERMEDIATE BRIDGE - BIDDING TIPS FOR TOPS

 

LESSON 32

 

WHEN PARTNER OPENS AND SECOND HAND DOUBLES - TIPS 249-253

 

249.  Any new suit either at the 1-level or the 2-level is limited and is not forcing.   If you as   

         responder had had 10+ HCPs you would have redoubled.

 

                     North   East   South(You)   West

            1C     Dbl.     ???

 

        You hold:  a)  X  AJXXX  KXXX  XXX  (Bid 1H.  It shows a 5-card suit 

                                             with limited points 5-9 HCPs,

                                             and is not forcing.)

 

b)  AJX  AJXXX  XXX  XXX  (Redouble.  The opponents are in

                           trouble, your side has the

                           dominant point count.)

 

           North   East   South(You)   West

            1H     Dbl.     ???

 

        You hold:  c)  XX  XX  AQJXXX  JXX  (Bid 2 Diamonds, not forcing.)

                   d)  XXX  X  KQJXXX  AQX  (Redouble and then bid Diamonds.)

 

 

250. A jump bid is pre-emptive.

 

           North   East   South(You)   West

            1D     Dbl.     ???

 

        You hold:  X  KJXXXX  XXX  XXX  (Bid 2H to show a reasonable 6-card 

                                         suit with 3-6 HCPs.  With stronger

                                         hands 7-9 you could have bid 1H. With 

                                         stronger yet, you would have

                                         redoubled.)

 

 

251.   With support for partners Major suit opening, raise to the 2-level with 3-6 HCPs 

         (Pre-emptive). Pass and then come back into the bidding later supporting partner

          with 7-9 HCPs, and redouble with 10+ HCPs. 

 

 

           North   East   South(You)   West

            1S     Dbl.     ???

 

        You hold:  a)  QXX  XX  JXXX  JXXX  (Bid 2S.)

b)  AXX  XX  KJXX  XXXX  (Pass, and then bid Spades at

                          your next opportunity       

                         {jumping in Spades if partner

                          bids in front of you.}).

c)  AXX  XX  KQXX  QXXX  (Redouble and then bid a

                          minimum number of Spades.)

- 79 -

 

If you utilize the above tip, you will be involved in sequences like this with b) above:

  

           North   East   South(You)   West

            1S     Dbl.    Pass         2C

           Pass    Pass     2S              (This sequence shows a stronger

                                             hand than a direct raise to 2S

                                             but one not quite strong enough

                                             to redouble.)

 

           North   East   South(You)   West

            1S     Dbl.    Pass         2C

            2H     Pass     3S              (Bid 3S.  Partner has bid in front

                                             of you so you must jump in order

                                             to show 7-9 HCPs.)

 

 

252.  With support for partner, therefore, you have multiple ways to raise partner

         depending upon the strength of your hand and its distributional pattern.

 

           North   East   South(You)   West

            1S     Dbl.     ????

 

    You hold:  a) QJX  XXX  KXX  XXXX  (Bid 2S, weak.)

b) QJXXX  XX  XXX  QXX  (Bid 4S, pre-emptive with 5 or more 

                         pieces.)

c) QJXX  X  KXXX  XXXX  (Bid 3S - pre-emptive)

d) KXX  XX  KXXX  KXXX  (Pass and then support partner later

                         evidencing 7-9 HCPs.)

e) AXXX  X  AXXX  QXXX  (Double and then bid Spades showing

                         support with 10-12 HCPs.)

f) AXXX  X  AXXX  AXXX  (Double and then bid 4S showing opening

                         count.)

 

 

253.  A redouble not only shows 10+ HCPs but also promises another bid if partner passes. 

         Opener usually does pass in order to give the redoubler an opportunity to double for       

         penalties.     

                  North   East   South(You)   West

                   1H      Dbl.   Redbl.       2D

                  Pass    Pass     ???

 

You hold:  a)  AXXX  XX  AKXXX  XXX  (Double for penalties.)

b)  AXX  AXX  AXXX  XXXX  (Bid 2NT, invitational.)

c)  KXX  KXX  KXXX  AQXX  (Bid 3NT.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- 80 -

 

INERMEDIATE BRIDGE - BIDDING TIPS FOR TOPS

 

LESSON 33

 

TWO-SUITED OVERCALLS - TIPS 254-257

 

 

 

 

254.  After a 1C or a 1D opening bid by the opposition, holding a 5-5 or longer  

         distributional Major 2-suited hand, use Michaels cuebid if very weak (4-10 HCPs),

         bid the higher-ranking and then the lower ranking if intermediate (11-15 HCPs), and

         use Michaels cuebid and then cuebid a second time with a strong hand (16+ HCPs). 

 

         East   South(You)   West   North

          1D      ????

 

           You hold:  a)  XXXXX  AXXXX  QX  X  (Bid 2D for the Majors, then

                                                pass whichever Major suit

                                                partner chooses.)

b)  AXXXX  KQXXX  AX  X  (Bid 1S and rebid 2H.)

c)  AQXXX  KQJXX  X  AQ  (Bid 2D for the Majors, then    

                          cuebid 3D once again

                          subsequent to partners

                          choice.)

 

 

 

 

255.  After a 1H or a 1S opening bid by the opposition, holding a 5-5 or longer      

         distributional hand with the other Major and an unspecified Minor, do as in

         Tip # 254, utilizing 2H or 2S as the cuebid of choice when applicable.

 

         East   South(You)   West   North

          1H      ????

 

           You hold:  a)  XXXXX  QX  X  AXXXX  (Bid 2H showing both Spades

                                                and an unspecified Minor. 

                                                Partner will either bid Spades

                                                or else 2NT showing a

                                                preference for either Minor

                                                {your choice} over Spades.)

b)  AXXXX  AX  X  KQXXX  (Bid 1S and then rebid Clubs.)

c)  AQXXX  X  KQJXX  AQ  (Bid 2H showing Spades and an

                          unspecified Minor.  Over     

                          partners 2S or 2NT cuebid     

                          Hearts once again.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- 81 -

 

256.  After a 1H or a 1S opening bid by the opposition, holding a 5-5 or longer      

         distributional hand with both Minors, do as in Tip # 254, utilizing 2NT as the 

         cuebid of choice when applicable.

 

         East   South(You)   West   North

          1H      ????

 

           You hold:  a) QX  X  XXXXX  AXXXX   (Bid 2NT showing both Minor

                                                suits. Pass whichever Minor  

                                                suit partner elects.)

b) AX  X  KQXXX  AXXXX   (Bid 2D and then rebid Clubs.)

c) AQ  X  AQXXX  KQJXX   (Bid 2NT showing both Minors.

                          Over partners choice, cuebid     

                          Hearts.)

 

 

 

257.  After a two-suited cuebid, the bidding may follow in such a way that partner does not

         respond, relieved of the responsibility as a result of his/her RHO bidding.  When the

         bidding returns to you, pass in all circumstances except with the very strong hand in

         which case you should re-establish the request for a choice of the two suits previously

         demonstrated by way of a re-opening double.

 

          East   South(You)   West   North

          1H      2NT        3H    Pass

          Pass    ????

 

           You hold:  a) QX  X  XXXXX  AXXXX   (Pass.)

b) AX  X  KQXXX  AXXXX   (Pass.)

c) AQ  X  AQXXX  KQJXX   (Double (takeout) for a further

                                                request for partner to bid

                                                his/her best Minor.)

 

 

 

                              

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- 82 -

 

INERMEDIATE BRIDGE - BIDDING TIPS FOR TOPS

 

LESSON 34

 

THE WEAK TWO BID - TIPS 258-262

 

 

258.  Think of a weak 2-bid as an opening 3-level bid at one level lower holding one less 

   card in the pre-empt suit.

                                                   You Hold:  a) XX AQXXXXX  QXX  X  (Open 3H)

                                      b) XX  AQXXXX  QXX  X  (Open 2H)

 

 

 

259.  Weak Two-Bids in the Third Seat, partner having previously passed, can be done with  

         strong 5-card suits.  Partner, being a passed hand, must be trained not to tamper with

         third seat opening weak two-bids.

 

    You Hold:   XX KQ10X KXX  XXX  (Open 2H and join the world of crooks!

 

 

 

 

260.  Fourth seat Weak Two-Bids, as are all fourth seat preempts, show super maximums;

         i.e., a hand just short of opening values (10-12 HCPs)

 

     You Hold:   AKXXXX  XX  KJX  JX  (Open 2S in Fourth seat)

 

 

 

261.  Do not open a Weak two-bid with a side 5-card suit.  (1) You may miss a better fit in

         your second suit, and (2) Partner will never be capable of assessing the real trick taking  

         capacity of your hand.

 

       You Hold:   X  AXXXXX  KXXXX  X (Pass; do not open this hand pre-emptively)

 

 

 

 

262.   In a competitive auction, the Weak Two-bidder is never the one to take the sacrifice.  If  

          a sacrifice is to be taken, partner is the one so designated.

 

             You Hold:   X  KQJXXX  QXXX  XX

 

                    South (You)     West     North     East

                        2H           2S        4H       4S

                       ???? 

                           (Pass, Partner knows more about your hand than you    

      know about his/hers.  If a sacrifice is appropriate, partner will do so.)

- 83 -

 

INERMEDIATE BRIDGE - BIDDING TIPS FOR TOPS

 

LESSON 35

 

WHEN RESPONDING TO A WEAK TWO BID - TIPS 263-266

 

 

263.   Lacking support for partner Weak Two-Bid, you should have at least 15+ HCPs or    

          more in order to justify a try for game.

 

               You Hold:   a)  X  AKXXX  KQXX  JXX

                    b)  X  AQJXXX  AKX  JXX

 

                       South      West     North (You)     East

                        2S        Pass        ??? 

 

            With:   a) Pass, You dont have quite enough.

   b) Bid 3H (New Suit) Forcing!

    

    

264.   A leap to 3NT ends the auction.  Partner is not allowed to bid again!

 

               You Hold:     ---  KXX  AKQJXXX  KJX

                   

                       South      West     North (You)     East

                        2S        Pass        ??? 

 

                Bid 3NT which ends the auction!

 

 

265.   Any raise by partner is preemptive, and opener is not allowed to bid again or to even 

          think about bidding again!!!!!

 

       You Hold:     QXX   XX   KQXX  JXXX

                   

                       South      West     North (You)     East

                        2S        Pass        ??? 

 

                Bid 3S, Make Life miserable for the opponents.

 

 

266.       A Double raise in partners Weak Two opening bid is a two-edged sword.  It can be  

           either pre-emptive, furthering partners preempt, else it can show a powerful hand   

           with game values.

                         You Hold:   a)  X   KXXX  KXXXX   XXX  

                                     b)  AQXX   XX  AK   AXXXX

 

                       South      West     North (You)     East

                        2H        Pass        ??? 

 

     Bid 4 Hearts with either hand.   Let the opponents worry about which    

          of the two possibilities you have.

- 84 -

 

INERMEDIATE BRIDGE - BIDDING TIPS FOR TOPS

 

LESSON 36

 

MISCELLANEOUS TIPS - TIPS 267-270

 

 

267.       If you would have overcalled an opening one bid with 1NT; i.e., 15-17 HCPs and a

          stopper in Openers suit, then overcall 2NT if they open a weak Two Bid.

 

           You Hold:     AQX  KJX  QJX  A10XX

                   

                       South      West (You)    

                        2H        ???? 

 

                Bid 2NT

 

268.       When the opponents open a weak 2-Bid and you have points and five or more in their 

           suit, pass hoping that partner will find a Take-out double which you can then pass

           concerting the Take-out to penalties.

 

           You Hold:     AX  KQXXX  AX  JXXX

                   

                       South      West (You)    

                        2H        ???? 

 

                Pass Patience, Patience.

 

269.       With nine winners in your own hand, plus an independent Major suit, bid game.  A

          good partner will come forth with the remaining needed trick.

 

           You Hold:   AKQJXX  KQJ  A10X  X

 

                       East    South (You)    West    North

                        1D       Double       Pass      2H

                        2C        ???? 

                          

          Bid 4S Do not invite with 3S.

 

270.       A 4-4 trump fit usually plays at least one trick better than a 5-3 Trump fit.

 

                       West (You)           East (Partner)

              AQJ4                   K876

                           AQ1054                 KJ9

              A2                     543

              A2                     543

 

       Note:  In a contract of 6S, all you require is a 3-2 trump division allowing you to discard two of Dummys Diamonds (or Clubs) on your Hearts, eventually ruffing a Diamond (or Club).  In a contract of 6H, however, you cannot help but still lose one Club and one Diamond, going down one trick.