- 22 -










74.  Once partner has changed suits, in effect having ostensibly denying support for your overcalled suit, do not rebid your suit unless you have a strong 6-card suit.



                                            East    South (You)    West    North (Partner)

                      1H          1S        Pass          2D

                     Pass         ??


          Ex.  (a)  AKXXX  XXX  X  KXXX  (Pass.  Partner has few Spades and you do 

                                     not have Diamonds. Partner’s 2D is not   

                                     forcing.  Quit while you are behind!!)

(b) AQJXXX  XXX  X  AXX  (Bid 2S.)





75.  Overcaller’s  rebid of opener’s Minor suit, subsequent to the responder to the overcall having bid No Trump, is natural and not forcing.



                     East    South (You)    West    North (Partner)

                      1C          1H        Pass         1NT

                     Pass         ??


          Ex.  (a)  X  AQXXX  XX  AQJXX  (Bid 2C to show a Heart-Club 2-Suiter.)





76.  Overcaller’s  rebid of opener’s Minor suit, subsequent to the responder to the overcall having passed, is natural and not forcing.



                                            East    South (You)    West    North (Partner)

                      1D          1H         Dbl.        Pass

                      1S          ??


          Ex.  (a)  X  AQXXX  AQJXX  XX  (Bid 2D to show a Heart-Diamond 2-Suiter.  

                                     The level is cheap and your Diamond suit

                                     is good enough.)





- 23 -



77.  Be prepared for a possible cue-bid by partner.  Assume that partner has a strong raise for your overcall suit (typically, at least 11-13 Support points), and wants to know more about your hand so as to best tell the final bidding destination.


(a)   A rebid of your overcall suit evidences a simple overcall (8-11 HCP’s).


(b)  A jump-rebid of your overcall suit evidences an invitational overcall (12-13 HCP’s).


(c)   A bid of 2NT is invitational (12-14 HCP’s) with strength in opener’s suit.


(d)  A jump into game shows a strong overcall of 15-17 HCP’s.


(e)  A cue-bid following partner’s cue-bid is game force, slam invitational.


(f)    A bid of a new suit is forcing but not necessarily better than a simple overcall.



                                            East    South (You)    West    North (Partner)

                      1D          1S        Pass         2D

                     Pass         ??



          Ex.  (a) AQXXX  XX  KXX  XXX  (Rebid 2S, showing a minimum overcall of 8- 

                                    11 HCP’s.)



(b) AQXXXX  XX  KX  KXX  (Rebid 3S, showing an invitational better-

                       than-minimum overcall of 12-13 HCP’s.)



(c) AJXXX  KX  AJX  XXX  (Rebid 2NT, invitational 12-14 HCP’s with

                       strength in opener’s suit.)



(d) AKXXXX  XX  AQX  QX  (Jump to 4S, 15-16 HCP’s.)



(e) AKJXXX  X  AKXX  AX  (Bid 3D, a cue-bid evidencing a game force 

                          with Slam possibilities.  Pursuit of a

                          possible Slam is now up to overcaller’s




(f) AQXXX  XX  XX  AJXX  (Bid 3C, then Pass if partner bids 3S.)

    AJXXX  KQXX  XX  XX  (Bid 2H, then Pass if partner bids 2S.)

    AJXXX  KQXX  AX  XX  (Bid 2H, then continue over partner’s 2S.)






-24 -











78.  Under usual circumstances, a Direct Take-out Double over an opening bid of one of a suit by one’s RHO requires a HCP count equivalent to an opening bid; i.e., approximately 13 HCP’s.   (Remember, a Take-out Double over a Major suit Bid by one’s opponent guarantees a 4-card suit of the alternate Major suit, a Take-out Double over a Minor suit bid by one’s opponent guarantees 4-card support for both Majors (or at least tolerance of 3 pieces for one and 4 for the other.)    The ideal distribution for a Take-out Double in direct position is a  4-4-4-1  or a  5-4-4-0  with the singleton, or void, being in the suit opened by your RHO.    Under such circumstances, one may double with as few as 11 HCP’s



     Ex.  (a) AXXX  AXX  KX  KXXX  (Over 1D by RHO, Double. {Tolerance for H})


          (b) AXXX  KXXX  AXXX  X  (Over 1C by RHO, Double. {Both Majors})

 (c) AJXX  X  XXXX  AQXX  (Over 1H by RHO, Double. {Other Major})

(d) AXXXX  AXXX  QJXX -  (Over 1C by RHO, Double.) 




79.  In balancing position, the requirements are even further diminished.   One would need as few as 8-10 HCP’s in order to make a Balancing Take-out Double (“Re-Opening Double”).   It closely resembles a Take-out Double in second position, virtually no upper limit, but with only moderate strength should usually exhibit shortage in the opponent’s bid suit at at least 3-card support for each of the un-bid suits. 



          Ex.  (a)    West     North     East     South

                  1D      Pass      Pass      ??



      In such situations, the Spade suit (Similar to the principle involved with the Rule of 15 in the Pass-out

      seat for a potential opener) is particularly significant.   Possession of Spades favors a balancing action;

      lack of Spades counts against it.  In more general terms, a shortage in an unbid suit, especially a Major

      suit, mitigates against balancing, and a shortage in the opponent’s suit favors it



          Ex.  (b)  X  JXXX  AQXX  QXXX  (If the bidding had gone 1S,P,P a

                                     balancing double would be automatic. 

                                     Against a bidding of 1D,P,P, one should    





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80.  Seldom bid a Take-out Double with a small doubleton in an unbid Major.  It is too risky unless you have 19+ HCP’s. 


          Ex.         West     North   

                  1C        ?  


(a) XX  AQXX  AQXX  QXX  (Pass. Bid aggressively later.)

(b) AQX  KQXX  JXX  XXX  (Double. Standard Holding.)

(c) XX  AJXX  AKJX  AQX  (Double, if partner bids one Spade, rebid 

                          1NT showing 18-19 HCP’s.)




81.  A Take-out Double followed by a NT rebid is stronger than overcalling 1NT directly.      


     Ex.          West     North     East     South


(a)    1C     Double     Pass      1D

      Pass     1 NT                    (18-20 HCP’s)


(b)    1C      1 NT                    (15-17 HCP’s)




82.  A Take-out Double followed by a suit rebid is stronger than overcalling the suit directly, and should show a 2-suited hand; i.e.,  the remaining two other than opener’s and responder’s.


     Ex.          West     North     East     South


            (a)    1D       1S                      (8 or More HCP’s)


            (b)    1D     Double     Pass      1H

       2D      Pass                     (13-15 HCP’s)


(c)    1D     Double     Pass      1H

       2D       2S                      (16+ HCP’s and S & C.)




83.  After making an overcall, you can still make a Take-out Double providing the opponents find a fit and partner has not yet bid.


         Ex.    (a)  AKXXX  AJX  XX  KXX 


                  North    East      South    West

                   1D       1S        2D      Pass

      Pass     Double                   (Strong enough to overcall    

                             Spades and then to Double.  This

                             evidences 13-16 HCP’s, shortness in

                             the opponent’s suit, and at least

                             3-cards in the two unbid suits.)





- 26 -


84.  With 8 or 9 winners in your own hand, plus a stopper in the opener’s suit, overcall 3NT.  There is no need to use the Take-out Double.   Do not worry about HCP’s; this bid shows tricks, not points.


                 Ex.   K  KX  AKQXXXX  AXX      East     South(You)

                                        1H         3 NT    


           ( Are you chicken or what?  Overcall 3NT.  If necessary, hide your

             singleton K Spades in with your Clubs if it eases your nerves.)



85.  With 8 or 9 winners in your hand, but without a stopper in the MAJOR suit bid by the opponent to your right (RHO), make a jump cuebid.  (A new toy!!!)  It asks partner to bid 3NT with a stopper in the opponent’s Major; otherwise to bid the next higher suit and you will place the contract.  Such a bid is more descriptive in such a situation than is a Take-out Double.



                Ex.   AX  XX  KX  AKQJXXX 


                  North    East(You)      South    West(Partner)


             (a)   1H         “3H”        Pass      “3NT”  (Shows a H Stopper)


(b)   1H         “3H”        Pass      “3S” (Denies a stopper)

     Pass        “4C”



86.  A direct jump bid in the opponent’s MINOR suit is natural.  It shows a 7-card suit with less than opening values.  In such situations, no not use the Take-out Double.



                Ex.   AX  X  XXX  KQJXXXX 


                  North    East(You)     South     

                   1C        3C(Natural)


           (This bid may snow the opponents.  They may not have agreed between

            themselves that a Double by South, in this instance, would be 

            negative for a Take-out Double.  SHHHHH!!!! Don’t tell them!)     














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87.  When a suit response is considered, never count points for your Jacks and Queen’s in the opponent’s bid suit.


     Ex.   1H   Dbl.  Pass   ???      XXXX  QXX  AXX  XXX  (Point Count = 4)



88.  When a suit response is considered, add one point for any 5-card suit and three points for any 6-card suit.


           Ex.   1S   Dbl.  Pass   ???      XX  AX  KQXXXX  XXX  (Point Count = 12)



89.  When responding in a suit, make a non-jump response with 0-8 HCP’s, a jump response with 9-11 HCP’s, and a cue-bid or game response with 12 or more HCP’s.


                North      East     South     West (You)

              1H        Dbl.     Pass      ???


(a) AJXXX  XXX  KX  XXX  (Respond 2S (Invitational and Non-Forcing)    

                          Count one extra point for the 5-card Spade 

                          suit, thus you have 9 points.)

(b) AKXX  XXX  KXX  XXX  (Respond 2S - With 9-11 points you must jump

                       the bidding, even with a 4-card suit.)

(c) XX  XXX  XX  AKXXXX  (Respond 3C - This hand is worth 10 Points    

                       after adding three for the 6-card Club suit.)

(d) AJXXX  QXX  QXX  XX  (Respond 1S - Do not jump, you have only an

                       equivalent of 8 Points, Six in Spades [one

                       extra for the 5-card suit], two in Diamonds,

                       do not count any for the Queen of Hearts, if

                       the Queen of Hearts were to have been in

                       Clubs, you would count 10 points and would

                       have bid 2S.)

(e) AXX  XX  AJXX  KXXX  (Respond 2H, You are too strong to make a jump 

                          response.  It suggests game but denies four

                          Spades else you would have jumped to 4S.)



90.  With a hand too weak to cue-bid or jump, with a 4-card Major and a 5-card Minor respond in the Major; with a 4-card Major and a 6-card Minor, respond in the Minor.


             North      East     South     West (You)

              1H        Dbl.     Pass      ???


(a) KXXX  XX  QXXXX  XX  (Respond 1S)

(b) KXXX  XX  QXXXXX  X  (Respond 2D, you will bid Spades later if 

                          afforded the opportunity.)


- 28 -


91.  You do not need stoppers in all of the unbid suits to bid No Trump.  You do need at least one stopper, preferably two, in the opponent’s suit.   Bid 1NT with 7-9 HCP’s,  2NT with 10-12 HCP’s, and 3NT with 13-16 HCP’s.


             North      East     South     West (You)

              1S        Dbl.     Pass      ???


(a) KQJX  XXX  JXX  XXX  (Respond 1NT.)

(b) KXXX  XXX  XX  XXXX  (respond 2C, you need 7-9 even with a stopper   

                       in the opponent’s suit.)

(c) AQX  KXX  JXX  KXXX  (Respond 3NT.)

(d) AQXX  KX  QXXX  XXX  (Respond 2NT.)




92.  When holding the option to either cue-bid or to jump in NT, your strength in the opponent’s suit should be your deciding factor.


             North      East     South     West (You)

              1S        Dbl.     Pass      ???


(a) AQJ  XXXX  KJX  JXX  (Respond 2NT, you have a double stopper in the 

                       opponent’s suit along with your 12 HCP’s.)

(b) AXX  AXXX  QXXX  QX  (Cue-bid 2S, you can support Hearts or go to    

                          NT later, based upon doubler’s response to

                          your cue-bid.)




93.  After making a minimum response to partner’s take-out double showing 0-8 HCP’s, the responder may bid once more opposite a silent partner, but only with 6-8 HCP’s and either a 5-card suit, a strong 4-card suit, or a second suit as well.



             North      East     South     West (You)

              1H        Dbl.     Pass       1S

              2H        Pass     Pass      ???


(a) KQJX  XXX  JXXX  XX  (Respond 2S, partner must have Spade support  

                       for having previously made the take-out


(b) KXXX  XXX  JXXX  XX  (Pass, you only have 5 HCP’s.)

(c) XXXX  KXX  KXX  QXX  (Pass, you have the HCP’s to bid but your 

                       Spade suit is too weak and contains only four


(d) KXXX  XX  KXXXX  QX  (Respond 2S, you have both the necessary 

                          points and a second 5-card suit.)

(e) XXXXX  KXX  KXX  QX  (Respond 2S, you have the points and a 5-card 

                          suit as well.)







- 29 -


94.  If you must respond in a 3-card suit, respond in the cheaper 3-card suit, not the strongest.


             North      East     South     West (You)

              1D        Dbl.     Pass      ???


(a) QXX  XXX  XXXXX  JX  (Respond 1H, audibly!! - You must bid 

                          something.  Your Diamonds are not strong

                          enough to consider passing and thereby

                          converting the take-out to penalties, A NT

                          response would have required 7-9 HCP’s and at

                          least one stopper in Diamonds, and you cannot




95.  Never pass a low level take-out double because of weakness.  The only excuse to pass is length and strength in the opponent’s suit.   You need either five cards headed by three of the top four honors, or six cards headed by at least two of the top four honors.   With only five pieces, and without three of the top four honors, the intermediaries must be exceptional.


             North      East     South     West (You)

              1H        Dbl.     Pass      ???


(a) X  AJ10XXX  XX  JXXX (Pass, you have six pieces and at least two of

                       the top five honors.)

(b) XX  KQ1098  XX  QXXX (Pass, your intermediaries are excellent.)

(c) XX  KQXXX  XXX  Q10X (Respond 1NT, your intermediaries are poor.)





























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96.  Once you make a take-out double with merely minimum values (7-8 Losers), do not bid again unless partner makes a forcing bid or bids two suits requesting a preference.


          Example:    East  South (You)  West  North

                       1D    Dbl.        Pass   2H

                      Pass    ?


             AXXX  KJX  XX  AJXX  (Pass, 2H is not forcing)



97.  After a 1NT response from partner, a new suit is not forcing, a jump is invitational, and to force one must cue-bid and then bid a new suit.


          Example:    East  South (You)  West  North

                       1C   Dbl.         Pass   1NT

                      Pass    ?


(a) AXXX  KXXX  KJXXX  -  (Bid 2D, Not Forcing)

(b) AJXX  AXX  KQJXXX  -  (Bid 3D, Invitational)

(c) KQX  AQXXXX  AXX  A   (Bid 2C, and then bid Hearts to create

                           a force.)



98.  If you raise partners forced response to your take-out double, it shows primary support (4-pieces) and 16-18 HCP’s (6-Losers); .i.e., more than minimum vales to the original take-out and is invitational.    The same 16-18 HCP’s are shown by the bid of a new suit.


          Example:    East  South (You)  West  North

                       1D    Dbl.        Pass   1S

                      Pass    ?


(a) AKXX  QXX  AX  KJXX  (Raise partner to 2S, you have more than

                          a minimum)

(b) AJX  AKXXX  X  AXXX  (Bid 2H, mildly invitational)



99.  A jump raise of partner’s forced response to your take-out double evidences 19-21 support points (5-Losers)  as well as primary support for responder’s bid suit.  The same 19-21 is evidenced by a jump-shift into your own 5-card suit.


                     Example:    East  South (You)  West  North

                       1H    Dbl.        Pass   1S

                      Pass    ?


(a) AKXX  X  AQX  KXXXX  (Jump Raise to 3S, Highly Invitational)

(b) AQX  KQX  X  AKJXXX  (Bid 3C, Highly Invitational)


- 31 -



100.   After any jump-response from partner, including 2NT, a new suit is forcing.


                      Example:         East  South (You)  West  North

                      (a)   1D    Dbl.         Pass   2H

                           Pass    2S          Pass   ?? (In Both cases, South’s

                                                          last bid is forcing)

                           East  South (You)   West  North

                      (b)   1D    Dbl.         Pass   2NT

                           Pass    3H          Pass   ???




101.  Doubling the same suit twice, or even three times, does not alter the original take-out meaning  

         of  the double.   Even though you might sound as if you were a broken record, each successive 

         double below game level evidences more and more strength.    A second double shows 16-18

         HCP’s, and a third double shows 18-20 HCP’s.    Only after the second or third double takes 

         place at the game level, is it to be construed as a penalty double and not for take-out.



           Example:   You Hold:   AQXX  X  AQXX  AKJX


                           East  South (You)  West  North

                            1H    Dbl.         2H    Pass

                           Pass   Dbl.         3H    Pass

                           Pass   ???                      (Double again.)































- 32 -









102. An opener who bids two suits, forcing a three-level preference to the first suit, has reversed.  (This occurs when the second suit is higher ranking than the first).   The same greater than minimum opening count is evidenced with a 3-level new suit rebid by opener over a 2-level new suit response by opener’s partner.   Both evidence a 16-18 HCP count; i.e., more than a minimum.


               Examples:        Opener     Responder


(a)     1D        1S



(b)     1S         2H



103. A reverse after a one-level response can be passed if the responder has fewer than 10 HCP’s.


        Example:          Opener      Responder

                                                      XXX (Responder should

        1C        1H (6 HCP’s)     AXXX  Pass on his/her

                 2D        ??               XXXX   Rebid)



104. A reverse by opener following a 2-level response by responder is game forcing.  Opener has 

       shown 16-18 HCP’s and responder at least 11 HCP’s.


Example:          Opener      Responder


                    1D           2C



105. Most reverses evidence five cards in the first suit and four in the second.   Some reverses  

        evidence six cards in the first suit and four in the second.   Reverses with a 4-4 distribution are  

        rare.   Never “invert” a reverse with a 5-5 distribution, rather, open the bidding with the higher-

        ranking suit.


                  Examples:    (a) AKXX  AQJXX  KXX  X  (Open 1H, Rebid 2S)

(b) AX  AXXX  AKQXXX  X  (Open 1D, Rebid 2H, Then 3D)

(c) X  AKJXX  AKJXX  QX  (Open 1H, Never 1D)


106. Do not confuse an up-the-ladder rebid by opener at the 1-level as being a reverse, it is not. 

        Up- the-ladder rebids by the opening bidder at the 1-level are not reverses.


        Example:         Opener                   Responder


        1C                        1H

                 1S (Not a reverse)

- 33 -


107. After a 2-level response from responder, opener may reverse with as few as 15HCP’s.


          Example:    South (You)  West    North    East

                       1D          Pass     2C      Pass



(a) XX  KQXX  AKJXX  XX  (Rebid 2D, not strong enough for reversing)

(b) XX  KQXX  AQXXX  AX  (Rebid 2H, a reverse, game forcing)




108. In competition, if partner’s suit outranks opener’s first bid suit, a seeming reverse may be made

        with as few as a minimum opening bid.


          Examples:     (a)  South (You)  West    North    East

                              1D           2C      2H      Pass



(b)   1H           2C      2D      Pass



(a) Partner’s response at the 2-level outranked opener’s Diamond opening 

 bid.  This made it impossible for opener to rebid his/her original

 suit at the 2-level.  When this happens, opener’s mention of a

 higher ranking suit is not considered a reverse and can be made with

 as few as a minimum opening count.


(b) Partner’s 2-level response was in a lower ranking suit.  Had opener 

    wished to do so, he/she could have rebid his/her original suit at

    the 2-level had he/she held a minimum opening count.  The 2S here

    is, therefore, a reverse.


























- 34 -








Opener’s Reverse Quiz:  Which of the following examples are true reverses by opener and which are not.  What is the HCP value range exhibited by each example?

                                         North (Opener)   South (Responder)


 Examples: 1) A Reverse (16-18 HCP’s)     1C               1H



2) A Simple Showing of a       1D               1S

   Second Suit By Opener       2C

   (13-15 HCP’s)  


3) A Reverse (16-18 HCP’s)     1H               1NT



4) A Rebid By Opener Forced    1H               2C

   To The 2-Level By Virtue    2S

   Of Responder’s Response

   (13-18 HCP’s)


5) A “Reverse-Like” Super      1H               2D

   Opening Count (15-18 HCP’s) 3C




109. With hands in the range of  5-7 HCP’s the ways of stopping short are either to pass opener’s  

        reverse, rebid responder’s suit (showing at least 5 pieces), or to rebid 2NT. 


          Examples:      North       South (You)

                           1C          1S

                           2D          ??


(a) KQXX  XXX  XXXX  JX  (Pass, Game is unlikely)

(b) KQXXX  XXX  XXX  JX  (Rebid 2S, not forcing)

(c) KXXX  KXX  XXX  XXX  (Rebid 2NT, not forcing)




110. As a corollary to #109, after a reverse by opener, any bid by responder other than a pass, a

       rebid or responder’s suit, or a 2NT bid, is therefore, forcing  to game.


          Example:       North       South (You)

                           1C          1S

                           2D          ??


(a) KQXX  XXX  KQXX  JX  (3D, Game forcing)

(b) KQXX  AXX  XXX  JXX  (3NT)

(c) KQXX  XXX  AXX  XXX  (3H, Fourth suit Forcing, denying a

                          Heart stopper)

- 35 -



111. Remember, opener has shown 16-18 HCP’s.   With 8+ HCP’s, insist upon game, with an opening  

        bid, invite to Slam, and with a greater than opening bid, bid Slam if a fit is found.




112. A jump raise of opener’s second suit shows, not only support, but is a Slam attempt.  Remember,  

        had responder simply raised opener’s second suit, it would have been game forcing.


           Examples:      North       South (You)

                           1D          1S

                           2H          ??


(a) AXXXX  KQXX  XX  KX  (Bid 4H, emphasizing a Slam attempt.)

(b) AXXXX  QXXX  XX  KX  (Bid 3H, game forcing.)






113. A return to partner’s first suit is a forward-going game-forcing bid.   Remember it does not fit any 

       of the three non-game forcing bids as set forth in #109 above.


           Example:       North       South (You)

                           1D          1S

                           2H          ??


             AJXXX  JX  AXX  XXX  (Bid 3D, Game-forcing, if partner has 3

                                   Spades, responder will hear about them soon


























- 36 -









114.  A 4NT bid subsequent to an opening 1NT bid by partner, is not Blackwood.   It is a quantitative

        bid asking opener to pass with a minimum 15 HCP’s and to proceed to 6NT with a maximum opening 

        of 16-17 HCP’s.  Also remember, few 33 HCP partnerships can make 6NT without the presence of at   

        least one partner holding a 5-card or longer suit.


            Example:     North (Partner)     South (You)

                          1NT                 ???


     AQXX  AX  KXXXX  AX  (Bid 4NT seeking 16-17 HCP’s from partner to

                           complement your 17 HCP’s to insure a 6NT contract.)


115. In most slam auctions, the stronger hand bids Blackwood.  The weaker hand responds and tells;

       the stronger hand provokes and asks.   REREAD, REREAD, REREAD THIS ONE!!!


116. Do not use Blackwood prematurely when you have two or more losers or a worthless doubleton 

        in any unbid suit.   

                   Example:     North (Partner)     South (You)

                                 1C                   1S

                                 3S                   ??


     KQXXX  QXX  AKQX  X  (Cue-bid “4D”.  Do not bid 4NT .. yet.  You have two 

                           quick losers in Hearts.   You need some sort of

        heart cue-bid from opener before you can legitimately proceed to 4NT.)


117.  Never use Blackwood with void.       Example:      North (You)     South (Partner)

                                               “2C”             “2D”

                                                2S               3S



     AKQXXX  -  KQX  AKQX  (Cue-bid “4C”, hoping for a “4D” cue-bid from

                            partner.  Rushing into 4NT is poor bidding.  Suppose responder does have one Ace< how does that information assist you if you have no certainty whether it be the Heart or the Diamond Ace?  Absent partners cue-bid of “4D” you can proceed to 6S, finding partner’s Ace of Diamonds, you can proceed to 7S.)



118. Do not ask partner for Kings unless you have all four Aces between the two hands.  Partner is

        allowed to jump to seven in response to 5NT believing all four Aces are held by the partnership.


     North (Partner)  South (You)    KXXXX  X  AQJX  KXX  (Bid 6S.  Do not

      1H                1S                                 seek Kings with a

      3S                4NT                             5NT inquiry.  You are

     “5H”               ??                                                               missing an Ace.)



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119. Respond “5C” with either no Aces or all four Aces.   If partner is not able to tell the   

       difference from your previous bidding and that which he/she holds, either you can’t bid or

       partner can’t play.  Since nine times out of ten, the stronger hand usually is the one invoking  

       Blackwood, the “5C” is usually no Aces.



120. Do not count a void as an Ace.



121. With one Ace (or three) plus a void (not a void in partner’s first bid suit) jump to six of the void

        suit - if the void suit is lower ranking than the trump suit.   If the void is higher ranking than the

        trump suit, jump to six of the trump suit.  


                  Example:     North (Partner)     South (You)

                                 1H                 4H

                                 4NT                ??


(a) JXXXX  AJXXXX  JXX  -  (Respond “6C” to show one Ace (or three)

                            with a Club void.)

(b) – AJXXX  JXXXX  JXX -  (Respond “6H” to show one Ace (or three)

                            plus a higher-ranking void.



122. With zero or two Aces, plus a void, respond “5NT”.   Remember, the void must not be in partner’s 

        first bid suit.


                   Example:     North (Partner)     South (You)

                                 1S                 2H

                                 4NT                ??


         XXX  AJXXXX  --  AQXX  (Respond “5NT” in order to evidence two Aces   

                                 with one void in other than the Spade suit.)



123. If partner cue-bids your void suit and then asks for Aces; do not show your void, disregard

        same and simply show Aces only.


     Example:     South    West    North (You)    East

                   1S       2H      2S             3H

                  “4H”     Dbl.     4S            Pass

                   4NT     Pass     ??


         XXX  --  AXXXX  JXXXX  (Respond “5D”.  Disregard the void.  Partner

                                 has cue-bid the suit already showing first

                                 round Heart control.)


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124. If the opponent’s interfere with partner’s Blackwood beneath the 5-level of your agree-upon 

        suit, use “DOP1” (like the dwarf) in order to show Aces.  


                 Double” = “0” Aces

                 P”ass   = “1” Ace

       Next ranking suit  = “2” Aces etc.


                     Example:     South    West    North (You)   East

                                   1S      Pass     3S            4C

                                  4NT       5C      ??


         KXXX  XX  KJXX  KQX  (“Double” to show no Aces)

         AQJX  XX  KJXX  QXX  (“Pass” to show 1 Ace)

         AQXX  XX  AQXX  JXX  (Bid “5H” to show 2 Aces)

         AXXX  AX  AXXX  QXX  (Bid “5S” to show 3 Aces)




125. If the opponents interfere with partner’s Blackwood above the five level of your agree-upon suit,

        use “DEP0” (pronounced depot) in order to show Aces.


                 Double” = An “E”ven Number of Aces (0,2,4)

                 P”ass   = An “0”dd  Number of Aces (1)

       Next ranking suit  = 3 Aces


                     Example:     South    West    North (You)   East

                                   1H      Pass     3H            3S

                                  4NT       4S      ??


         XX  KQJX  KJXX  KXX  (“Double” to show (0) an even number of Aces)

         XX  AKXX  KJXX  KXX  (“Pass” to show (1) an odd number of Aces)

         XX  AQXX  AQXX  JXX  (“Double” to show (2) an even number of Aces)

         XX  AQXX  AXXX  AXX  (Bid “5C” to show (3) Aces)



126. If you can count 13 tricks, disregard partner’s request for Kings and bid “7NT”.


         Example:     South You)    West    North    East

                   4H           4S      4NT      Pass

                  “5C”         Pass     5NT      Pass



        X  KQXXXXXX  KQX  X  (Bid 7NT.  Partner must have all four Aces in           

                              order to have bid “5NT” asking for Kings.)



127. If, after inquiring for Aces, partner bids a new (previously unbid) suit subsequent to your

        response, bid 5NT.  Do not worry, just do it.  The hand is missing 2 Aces and partner desires to

        exit into a 5NT contract.

                           Example:     South      North (You)   

                                         1H         3H

                                                                                              4NT       “5D”

                                         “5S”       ??


    Example:  QX  KQXX  XX  AJXXX  (Bid 5NT, it is not for you to reason why?)

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128. When the opponents have bid one suit, a raise or leap by partner to the 5-level of the agree-upon  

  Major suit asks you to bid a Slam with either first or second round control of the opponent’s

  bid suit.


                    Example:    South (You)  West   North (Partner)   East       

                       1H           3S     5H               Pass



                          XX  KJXXXX  --  AKJXX  (Pass.  You have neither first nor second  

                                     round control of Spades.)



129. Do not confuse the raise to the 5-level of the agreed upon suit with a competitive bid at the 5-



                  Example:     South    West    North     East       


    (a)         1H       4S      5H       Pass 


            5H, in this instance, is a non-jump raise which comes immediately

        subsequent to a competitive bid by the RHO and is, therefore,

        competitive in of itself, not an asking bid.


(b)         1H       2S      3D        3S

            4H      Pass     5H       Pass


   5H, in this instance, is a non-jump raise which comes immediately subsequent to a pass by the RHO, and, therefore, asks about Spades rather than being competitive.



130.  When answering a 5-level asking bid, as in tip # 128, or # 129,

(a)   Pass, lacking first or second round control in the ask suit.

(b)   Bid 5NT with the guarded King.

(c)   Bid 6 of the agree-upon suit with a singleton.

(d)   Cue-bid their suit holding the Ace in the ask suit.



131. If NoTrump has not been bid previously, a leap to “5NT”, The Grand Slam Force, asks a 

 specific question.  Which honors do you have in the agree-upon suit (or last bid suit absent any


(a)   Bid 6 holding one (1) of the top two honors.

(b)   Bid 7 holding two (2) of the top three honors.



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132. When Clubs is the agreed suit, 4NT is a risky Ace ask, since the answer might well take the  

        partnership beyond the safety level of 5C.   A better idea is to use a jump to the 4-level of the

        cheapest unbid suit to ask for Aces.                  Example: 


      Opener        Responder            Opener        Responder

      AKQXX          J                     1C              1H

      X              KQXXX                 1S              3C

      X              XXX                  “4D”            “4S”

      KQXXXX         AJXX                  5C             Pass


         Note: Blackwood would have resulted in a disastrous response of “5D”  

      forcing an unmakeable 6C contract.



133. After an opening 1NT or 2NT bid, a leap to “4C” asks for Aces (Gerber).  To ask for Kings, use

        a subsequent “5C” bid.   When the Gerber bidder bids 4NT after hearing a response to the

        previous “4C” ace-asking bid, he/she is not making an “honesty check” by re-asking for Aces. 

        He/she is desirous of playing in 4NT - two Aces are obviously missing.




      Opener        Responder            Opener        Responder

       QJX            X                   2NT            “4C”

       AKQJ           XX                  “4H”            4NT

       QXX            AKJXXXX             Pass

       KQJ            XX






























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134. Do not open the bidding with a beneath game preempt holding two Aces or one Ace and two

        Kings.   You have too much defensive strength.



135. Do not preempt in a Minor suit with a side 4-card Major suit holding.


             Example:  KQXX  X  X  AXXXXXX  (As dealer pass.  If partner has already

                                      passed, a preempt with such a holding

                                      has better validity.)



136. Do not preempt in one Major suit while holding four cards in the other Major suit --- unless

        your suit can easily play opposite a presumed hypothetical singleton.   


      Example:  (a) AXXXXXX  KXXX  X  X  (Pass.  Your long Major suit is not

                                          independent and, in this instance,

                                          preempting in Spades may cause an

                                          inadvertent loss of a Heart fit.)

(b) KQJXXXX  JXXX  X  X  (Open 3S, or even 4S with favorable

                          vulnerability (Not-Vul. Vs. Vul.). 

                          Your Spades are so strong that it

                          will not matter if you inadvertently

                          miss a Heart fit.



137.  After you preempt, and partner bids either a new suit beneath the game level or “2NT”, you

        cannot pass.     Remember the acronym “RONF” (“Raise Only Non-Force”).  Anything other 

        than a raise in your preempt suit is forcing.  (See Intermediate-2, Lesson 3)



138.  Position is important when considering a preempt bid.    First and second seat preempts tend

        to exhibit traditional values (Partner has not yet bid); third seat preempts can be somewhat

        distorted and more flexible (Partner has already passed).   The same principles apply to second

        seat preemptive weak jump overcalls (Partner has not yet bid), verses fourth seat preemptive

        jump overcalls (Partner has already passed).    Fourth seat preempts are the next thing to

        opening bids; with a weak hand in fourth seat, pass the hand out. 


        Example:  X  KXX  KJXXXXX  QX  (Open 3D in first, second or third

                                        seat; in fourth seat, pass.)



139.  For structured disciplined preempts either guarantee two of the top three honors, satisfaction

         of the Rule of  2-3-4 (See Intermediate-2, Lesson 14), or both.   Within these limitation, preempt

         as often as possible, it drives the opponents crazy. 

- 42 -


140.  A response of 3NT to a 3-level preempt by partner ends the auction; partner has elected to

        play at the game level in NT, it is not for the preempter to disapprove or opt for an alternative   



      Example:     South (You)    North     You Hold:  XXX  QJXXXXX  KJX  ---

                    3H             3NT    (Pass. It is no longer your problem.)



141.  After you preempt, partner is in charge and takes any further sacrifices or chooses to force the

        bidding further if it is perceived to be your hand and not the opponent’s.   It is not your  

        prerogative, you are no longer in charge.   If the preempter bids further without prompting

        from partner, either his/her preempt bid was wrong, or his/her second un-invited furtherance is

        wrong, or both.   Reread this tip!!!!   Reread this tip!!!!!!


      Example:  X  KQJXXXX  JXX  XX   South (You)  West  North  East

                                       3H           3S     4H    4S



(Pass.  Even thinking about bidding 5H is too shameful to discuss in public.  Your hand is known to partner, his/her hand is not to you.   What about the vulnerability?   Partner ostensibly is aware of that as well.  Partner may be frothing at the mouth to double for penalties.  Once again, Pass or else!!!)



142.  When a preemptive bidder doubles an eventual contract (usually a Slam), it generally indicates 

         a  side suit void and asks for an unusual lead other than his/her preemptive suit.   The double

         forbids  the lead of the preempter’s suit and asks (No!! Begs!!) partner for a ruff.       


       Example:       South (You)    West    North    East

                       3S             4H      Pass     4NT

                      Pass            5H      Pass     6H



        You Hold:   AJXXXXX  XXX  ---  JXX   (Double, and pray!!!)