Advanced Bridge

 

Lesson 5

 

Forcing and Transfer Responses Over Reopening No Trump

 

A balancing, pass-out seat, 1NT shows a much wider range than does an opening 1NT, or a direct overcall of 1NT, both of which traditionally show a generally-accepted 15-17 HCP range. The balancing, or so-called Reopening 1NT, usually shows a 6-point range; i.e., perhaps 10-15 HCPs.

 

Examples: North East South West

(a) 1H Pass Pass 1NT (10-15 HCPs)

Pass ???

 

Responder, although a previously-passed hand, could conceivably have invitational or

even as much as opening values or more, previously unable to bid in second position following

the opening bid by his/her RHO. With the reopening No Trump evidencing a wide six point

range it is important for the reopening No Trump bidder to be induced to reclassify his/her hand into one of three categories (Minimum 10-11), (Moderate 12-13), or (Maximum 14-15) so that an appropriate final contract be achieved.

 

In order to invoke such a request, responder utilizes an inquiry with a 2C artificial relay-type response when holding at least invitational vales; i.e., approximately 10+ HCPs or more.

 

 

With a Reopening No Trump Bidder Holding a Maximum 14-15 HCPs

 

Subsequent to the 2C inquiry bid by responder, the reopening No Trump bidder, when holding a maximum of 14-15 HCPs, bids Baron-style 4-card suits up the ladder at the 3-level or 3NT when holding a four-triple-three distribution with a 4-card Minor suit and a stopper in openers suit , or with four cards in openers bid suit. After any bid by re-opener showing a maximum, however, all sequences are game-forcing.

 

Examples: North East South West

(b) 1H Pass Pass 1NT

Pass 2C Pass 3NT (14-15 HCPs

and a 3-3-4-3 or a

3-4-3-3 distribution)

 

 

(c) 1D Pass Pass 1NT

Pass 2C Pass (3H - game forcing)

 

 

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With a Reopening No Trump Bidder Holding a Moderate 12-13 HCPs

 

Subsequent to the 2C inquiry bid by responder, the reopening No Trump bidder, with any intermediate hand, (12-13 HCPs), bids 2H, or 2S in an up-the-ladder style when holding a 4-card Major suit, or 2NT in order to denying any 4-card Major suit. After any medium range bid, 3-level bids by responder are forcing, while 2NT or 2S over 2H are invitational.

 

Examples: North East South West

(d) 1D Pass Pass 1NT

Pass 2C Pass 2H (a 4-card Heart

holding saying nothing

yet about his/her Spade holding)

Pass 2NT (Invitational)

 

(e) 1D Pass Pass 1NT

Pass 2C Pass 2S (a 4-card Spade

suit denying 4 Hearts)

Pass 3C (Forcing)

 

 

(f) 1H Pass Pass 1NT

Pass 2C Pass 2NT (Absence of

either 4-card Major)

Pass Pass Pass

 

 

With a Reopening No Trump Bidder Holding a Minimum 10-11 HCPs

 

Subsequent to the 2C inquiry bid by responder, the reopening No Trump bidder, with any minimum hand, (10-11 HCPs), bids an artificial 2D bid without any reference, at this point, to his/her Major suit holding. After a 2H or 2S bid by the relay-er which show a 4-card suit, non-forcing; re-opener may either pass, correct to 2S over 2H, or else bid 2NT.

 

Examples: North East South West

(g) 1D Pass Pass 1NT

Pass 2C Pass 2D

Pass 2H or 2S (4-card suit) Pass

Pass Pass

 

(h) 1C Pass Pass 1NT

Pass 2C Pass 2D

Pass 2S Pass 2NT

Pass Pass Pass

 

 

(i) 1D Pass Pass 1NT

Pass 2C Pass 2D

Pass 2NT (Denies either 4-card Major)

 

 

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When responder has less than 10 HCPs, the question then arises as to whether it be more beneficial to leave the re-opener in NT, else convert the contract to a suit bid at the 2-level. Therefore, by partnership understanding, Jacoby transfer bids can also be used subsequent to a 1NT reopening bid occurring in the balancing, fourth seat pass-out position. The weaker the responders hand, the more likely the advantage of any such transfer to a

5-card or longer suit held by responder. With responder holding less than 10 HCPs, the likelihood of a game being possible even if the reopening 1NT-er has a maximum of 15HCPs is highly unlikely.

 

Examples: North East South West

(j) 1H Pass Pass 1NT (10-15 HCPs)

Pass 2H Pass 2S

(Transfer to Spades)

Pass Pass Pass

 

 

(k) 1S Pass Pass 1NT (10-15 HCPs)

Pass 2D Pass 2H

(Transfer to Hearts)

Pass Pass Pass

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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