Advanced Bridge


Lesson 3


New Minor Suit Forcing




     “New Minor Suit Forcing” is generally recognized as a rebid by Responder, subsequent to a Minor-Major- NT bidding sequence by the partnership.  It is an alertable cuebid using the alternate, previously-unbid Minor suit as the initiating, artificial cue bid.



                                                              Opener       Responder


      Examples:           (a)     1C            1H

                                  1NT          “2D”



                          (b)     1D            1S

                                  1NT          “2C”



(c)     1D            1H

        2NT          “3C”


   It can, however, be thought of as being provoked in a surrogate, alternative similar-meaning type sequence such as,


                                  (d)     1H            1S

                                  2H            3C   


                                                        even though, in this latter example, the 3C Minor suit bid is natural; as opposed the the cuebids listed above in (a) or (b) or (c) which may well be conventionally artificial, it is still possible to be used in such a manner as to invoke a similar possible response from the opening bidder, as we shall discuss herein.




     In each of examples (a), (b), and (c), above, Responder’s new Minor suit rebid evidences a possible 5-card Major suit holding with at least invitational strength; i.e., 10 HCP’s or more.   Opener, who has evidenced a balanced hand, too weak to open 1NT in examples (a) and (b), or 2NT as in example (c); is asked to either evidence or to disavow a 3-card support for responder’s previously-mentioned Major suit.





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     Opener, who has already denied 4-card support as a result of his/her response of NT,  responds:

                   Without 3-card Support            With 3-card support


                   Opener       Responder            Opener       Responder


  (a)      1C            1H                  1C             1H

           1NT          “2D”                 1NT           “2D”

          “2S” (with a minimum)              2H (with a minimum)



           1C            1H                  1C             1H

           1NT          “2D”                 1NT           “2D”

          “2NT” (with a maximum)             3H (with a maximum)





  (b)     1D            1S                   1C             1S

          1NT          “2C”                  1NT           “2D”

         “2H” (or 2D) (With a minimum)       2S (with a minimum)



          1D            1S                   1C             1S

          1NT          “2C”                  1NT           “2D”

         “2NT” (With a maximum)              3S (with a maximum)





(c)      1D           1H                    1D             1H

         2NT         “3C”                   2NT           “3C”  

        “3S” (With a minimum)               3H (with a minimum)



         1D           1H                    1D              1H

         2NT         “3C”                   2NT            “3C” 

        “3NT” (With a maximum)              4H (with a maximum)


     Subsequent to any of these bidding sequences, Responder then becomes the Captain, signing off at 2- or 3NT, 3- or 4 of the agreed-upon Major, else invites or examines for Slam with the knowledge gleaned from the bidding interplay.  Note that without 3-card support for Responder’s Major suit, all of Opener’s rebids in response to the New Minor Suit cue-bid are artificial in nature.  Having acknowledged this fact, however, all of the bids in the New Minor Suit system are alertable since they have a specificity of meaning to the partnership.

          For the most part, when responder invites to game on many hands with as few as

10 HCP’s., but one with a fit,  a distributional point or two added to partner’s maximum could conceivably elicit game, whereas, if partner has only a 12 HCP count without a fit for responder’s Major suit, the partnership will usually fare best in a 2NT contract with their combined 22 HCP count.  

     New Minor Suit Should never be utilized by a Responder in above-type auctions with fewer than 10 HCP’s.


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     The ability of Responder to handle the bidding subsequent to opener’s rebid of 1NT  in a Minor-Major-NT sequence is now complete with the availability of the “New Minor Forcing” Convention.

In each of the following six (6) types of hands, what is Responders rebid?

Examples:      The bidding has gone:     Opener (Partner)  Responder (You)

                                           1D                 1H

                                           1NT               ????


   a)  XX       Opener (Partner)  Responder (You)

       KQXXX      1D                 1H        (Bid 2H.  You are concerned not

       XXX        1NT               ????       to leave the final contract in  NT with partner denying 4 Spades.

       QXX                                           You know opener can have no fewer than 2 Hearts due to his/her rebid of 1NT and you hope it be 3 pieces, but you are willing to play the hand in 2H even with a 7-card fit it lieu of 1NT.  Your 2H bid is a drop dead rebid.)


   b)  X         Opener (Partner)  Responder (You)

       KQXXXX      1D                 1H        (Bid 2H once again a drop dead 

       XXX         1NT               ????       scenario.  This time you are confident of the 8 or 9 piece

       QXX                                   Heart fit with partner guaranteeing 2 or 3 pieces with his/her 1 NT Rebid.)


   c)  XX         Opener (Partner)  Responder (You)

       KJXXXX      1D                 1H        (Bid 3H, Invitational.  You 

       AXX         1NT               ????        Commit the partnership to a Heart contract evidencing at

       QX                                        least 6 pieces, you need only to ask partner to proceed with a 4H rebid holding a maximum of 13-14 HCP’s, else pass the 3H bid holding a minimum of 11-12 HCP’s.)


   d)  X         Opener (Partner)  Responder (You)

       KQXXXX      1D                 1H        (Bid 4H. You know opener has 

       AXX         1NT               ????        no fewer than 2 Hearts and opposite the opening 7-loser

       AXX                                 hand you can see no less than a game contract in Hearts as the proper end contract.)


   e)  XX        Opener (Partner)  Responder (You)

       KQXXX       1D                 1H        (Bid “2C”, the New Minor Force. 

       KXX         1NT               ????        You hold at least 10 HCP’s and 5 Hearts.  Opener has

       QXX                            already denied 4 Hearts, but can have no fewer than 2 owing to his/her rebid of 1NT.  You now require information as to openers having either 2 or 3 Hearts, and whether his/her point count is either a minimum of 11-12 or a maximum of 13-14 HCP’s.  If opener bids “2S” (2 Hearts + minimum) you will rebid 2NT (Drop Dead).  If opener bids “2NT” (2 Hearts + a Maximum) you will Pass.  If opener bid 2H

(3 Hearts + a Minimum) you will pass.  If opener bids 3H (3 Hearts + a maximum) you will proceed to 4 Hearts.)

   f)  XX        Opener (Partner)  Responder (You)

       KQXXX       1D                 1H        (Bid “2C”, the New Minor Force. 

       AXX         1NT               ????        You know your team belongs in game, you only need to know    

       AXX                                   whether opener has 2 or three pieces to determine whether 3NT or 4H is the better final contract.  If opener bids “2S” or “2NT” showing 2 Hearts and a minimum or maximum point count respectively, you will proceed to 3NT.  If opener bids 2H or 3H showing a holding of 3Hearts, in either case you will proceed to 4H.)

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